in Tao the only motion is returning
The 13-style Tai Chi is about 13 routines and 60 postures in all. It is believed to be the authentic Tai Chi Chuan handed down by Master Zhang Sanfeng. Because it contains 5 steps and 8 positions, it is also called Tai Chi Mu Boxing. Wudang Tai Chi Chuan applies the soft to overcome the hard, stillness to restrain movements. It reacts later but take upper hand first, thus it is a good way for body strengthening and self-defense. By practicing it, people can transform strength into inner energy, then into Shen, so that it makes up for weakness and cooperate with the Tao. It combines wushu with health-preservation and can achieve the purpose of gaining a longevity, becoming more intelligent and stronger. The whole practicing process can be classified into 3 stages: Jing practicing; Chi practicing; Shen practicing. The main practicing methods include inhaling and exhaling to regulate breathing, assisting external force to make up for internal force; standing on stakes with coordination strength. The main movements are straight blows, pressing, jostling, picking, arraying, elbowing and so on. Once practiced well, it flows very smoothly by following, connecting, pasting, and striking. To practice it well, it requires peace of mind. Besides,practitioners have to bend the chest but erect the back, relax shoulders and lower elbows. What is more, they also have to be done naturally. Wudang Tai Chi boxing incorporates movements with stillness. The internal work and external work contains each other, thus it is an easy way for health-preservation.
Wudang Sanfeng Tai Chi Chuan--- 108 postures in all. It is the transformation of 13-style Taichi Chuan
18-style Wudang Tai Chi---18 postures in all. It is excerpted from 108-style wudang sanfeng Tai Chi Chuan.
28-style Wudang Tai Chi Chuan---28 postures in all. It is excerpted from 108-style Wudang Sanfeng Tai Chi Chuan.
Wudang Sanfeng Tai Chi Sword--- 65 postures in all. It is heard that this art was founded by master Zhang Sanfeng who incorporated many other sects' sword play. Tai Chi Sword not only has wushu's characteristics of overcoming the hard with the soft, restraining motion with stillness, reacting later but taking upper hand first, manipulating the whole with little strength, but also the Taoist health-preservation methods. So it has the function of body strengthening as well as self-defense.
Taiyi Wuxing Chuan (Taiyi five-element boxing)--- 25 routines with about 81 movements in all. As an important school of wudang internal Kung fu, Taiyi School is somewhat similar to that of wudang Tai Chi. It was founded by master Shouxing, who is of Longmen School of Wudang Taoism in Ming Dynasty. It combined the 13 styles of TaiChi Chuan, Five-Animal Exercise of Hua Tuo (a famous doctor in Han Dynasty) and the Taoist Yoga practice in terms of breathing, regulating, striking and defense. Theoretically, it lays more emphasis on the application of Yin-Yang and Five Elements, so the layout resembles the frame proclaimed by Yin-yang and the five elements in theory.
When in practice, the mind-will is more important than strength, and, transforming to adapt to what is up is more effective than direct resisting. So it requires that the heart-mind and breathing accompanying each other, and that the waist must move in harmonious correspondence with the motion of hipbones.
The body has to act slowly, smoothly and naturally. When practiced well, it looks like worming snake. Yet in fact, it achieves the effect of as forceful as a thick callus, in well attainment of overcoming vigor while flexibility is well preserved.
Crane-style Stakes--- one kind of health-preservation exercise. It imitates the movements and stances of white cranes in wildness.
Tai Chi Hunyuan Chuang (Tai Chi mixed-force stake)---strength, internal energy and Shen are the three treasures of human body. Its main focus is to conserve strength and convert it to internal energy first and then to Shen second. Practicing this exercise for a period of time can make one feel more energetic, more intelligent and do others far beyond. The gist of performing this exercise is to master the naturally alternating law of three treasures and finally gain longevity.
Chiran Yangshen Gong (Natural health-preservation exercise)---the wise cultivate Yang in spring and summer, and Yin in autumn and winter, so that they follow the law of nature. Otherwise it will bring the detrimental to body and spirit. Therefore, Yin-yang and four seasons represent the alternation pattern of myriad things in movement.
Still-sitting Meditation --- life and death depend on each other. And they cannot work without the opposite. The law of innate nature and life force are main focus of regimen and longevity. Innate nature refers to heart in some aspects, which serves as the source of heart, yet the letter (heart) demonstrates itself in intangible form. People's ha heart are always subject to changes every now and then, just as restless as an ape. In taoism theory there exists one popular terminology as subdue dragon and take captive tiger which, in fact, tells how to calm down the heart to have Chi arise naturally. The ancient sages advocated to cultivate encompassing Chi because corporeal body, heart and true intention can be congealed into one unit--the highest attainment of unifying humans with the nature.