in Tao the only motion is returning
Eight Diagrams Palm is the famous internal boxing of China with profound theories and agile movements. The palm, bearing in mind the theory of eight diagrams, is to realize the mind through all the parts of the body quickly and flexibly. Ba Gua or eight diagrams forms the basis of the I-Ching. The foundation of Ba Kua is in the circling movements and it's constant changes. The ultimate goal is to allow the body to move, act and react naturally. It is believed that Tung Hai-Ch'uan learned it from a Taoist master in the mountains of Kianasu Province. Tung started teaching it to the public in the late 1700s. There are three sections in the exercises: 1. slow motion, 2. continuous motion, 3. continuous motion with different Gua's (hands). There are eight animals, ten exercises and three styles of walking: natural, medium and low. Anyone can walk a circle, but not everyone can walk a Ba Gua circle.
Eight Extremities Boxing routine: 47 movements, Chinese name Baji Quan, According to Wushu proverbs :"For ministers, Taijiquan is used to run the country and for generals, Bajiquan is used for defending the country. Baji Quan is one of the Wudang hardest forms.
Wudang Taiyi Five-element Boxing, one important school of Wudang Wushu, was invented in the year of Emperor Hongzhi of the Ming Dynasty by Wudang Taoist Zhang-Shouxing, the leader of Dragon School of Wudang Taoism. On the bases of Taiji Thirteen forms invented by Wudang Taoist Zhang-Sanfeng, and the Play of the Five Animals invented by Hua-Tuo, the famous doctor of the Han Dynasty, Zhang-Shouxing invented Wudang Taiyi Five-element Boxing absorbing Taoist theory of breathing.
I. On the base of the form, capability, and orientation of the five elements, the ancient masters made the basic boxing forms a system of five elements: walking on, walking back, turning to the left, turning to the right, and standing in the middle. Taiyi Five-element Boxing, from movement programs to movement routines, is following the theory of the five elements just as the name implies.
II. Through combining the five elements with human body and observing the theory, all the elements are helping and harming each other at the same time, the ancient masters expressed Taoist theory that human and nature are unified, with a purpose to go for naturalness and return to simplicity. Using the still as the base and the soft as the form, organically combination of regimen and attack, are the guiding line for Taiyi Five-element Boxing.
III. The ancient masters used the theory that all the elements are helping and harming each other at the same time to standardize boxing. So there are Yin and Yang penetrating into the movements that the boxing has an everlasting violent power.
Hsing-I Chuan or XingYiQuan is the first of the "three sisters" of Neijia, or Internal Martial Arts (Kung fu) practice. The Neijia School's primary Kung fu comprises Hsing-I, Pa-Kua and Tai-Chi.
There are three primary styles of Hsing I Chuan being practiced today. The ShanXi Style, the HeBei Style, and the Henan Style are widely recognized today. Each style of Hsing I Chuan is distinctly different in flavor and appearance from the other methods, or families.
The ShanXi style is mainly considered to be the original method which was created by General Yueh Fuei, circa 1100 A.D., although this cannot be substantiated historically. ShanXi style is known for its vigorous and powerful movements and abundant releases of fah jing energy. This method is tight in frame keeping a well-guarded movement structure which is quick and extremely powerful. It is by far the most complex form and nuance of the three different families. This is especially evident in its twelve animal structures. But it is perhaps the most rare of the Hsing-I styles found today.
Hebei style, in contrast to the ShanXi style, uses much larger frames and appears slower in practice. Its stances are more open than the ShanXi style, but there will be less appearance of fah jing energy in the practice of the forms. The HeBei style is said to be delineated from the ShanXi method, but this link remains unclear. Many people practice the HeBei method today. And if you meet a practitioner of Hsing-I, they will most likely be of the HeBei style. HeBei Hsing-I's expressions of the Five Elements are more simplistic than those of the ShanXi style and its Twelve Animal structures are much more simplified largely.
The last style, known as the Honan style, is a very simplified style of Hsing-I practiced extensively by the Muslim Chinese community for generations. It has only Ten Animal structures which are extremely simplistic and each has one or two movement forms only. The Five Elements are presented only as concepts in this method, having no movement representations at all.
There are several recognized spellings or renderings of this arts name. The most common is Hsing-I Chuan, from the Wade/Giles, or XingYiQuan from the newer PinYin system of Chinese phonetics. Other common spellings include the abbreviation Hsing-I, XingYi or Hsing I. Also, on occasion an apostrophe is added, as in Hsing I Ch'uan to further emphasize the pronunciation
It is also called Two Modes Boxing, which comes from the saying, "the coordination of yin and yang gives birth to Tai Chi, and the separation of the two leads to Two Modes." In this boxing, the advantages of "yin" and "yang" can both be felt. Some of the movements are rather swift, while some are relatively slow; some are hard while some are quite soft. This is why we call it " Two Modes". It is a kind of Kung fu which can be used to practice hands, eyes, body, basic work as well as mixed strength (explosive force and bouncing ability). When practice it, the practitioner moves as quickly as lightning and as loudly as thunder. It has the function of striking later but controlling the upper side first, thus it is considered as a must for learners to study Kung fu of Tai Chi School.